History chapters of Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade
named after Mykhailo Tugan-Baranovsky
Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after Mykhailo Tugan-Baranovsky is one of the oldest leading higher educational institutions of Ukraine, the successor of Kyiv Cooperative Institute named after M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky and Kharkiv Institute of Soviet Trade.
Time reference of the DonNUET history begins on 1 January 1920. On this day, at the initiative of the Central Ukrainian cooperative сommittee, Cooperative Institute named after Professor M. Tugan-Baranovsky was established in Kiev. The educational establishment was founded at the expense of cooperative institutions of Ukraine. In various documents of that time it is mentioned as Kyiv Cooperative Institute named after Professor M. Tugan-Baranovsky, the Higher Cooperative Institute named after Professor M. Tugan-Baranovsky, Ukrainian Cooperative Institute named after Professor M. Tugan-Baranovsky.
Mykhailo Tugan-Baranovsky – scientist and economist of global renown, educator, statesman and public figure of Ukraine and Russia. He was born on January 8 (20), 1865 in the village of Solone (Solianykivka) in Kupianskyi County of Kharkiv province. He acquired secondary education at the Second Moscow Gymnasium, continued it at the First Kiev Gymnasium and completed at the Second Kharkiv Gymnasium. In 1888 he graduated from physico-mathematical faculty of Kharkiv University. Almost simultaneously with his study at the physico-mathematical faculty, he passed the exams at the faculty of law ahead of schedule. Mykhailo Tugan-Baranovsky continued his further education in St. Petersburg and then in England. He chose political economy as the scope of his activities. In 1890 his first article “The doctrine of marginal utility” was published. In 1894 he published his work “Industrial crises in modern England, their causes and influences on the life of the people”, for which in the same year he was awarded a Master's degree at Moscow University.
University and joined the Imperial Free Economical Association. In 1898 he published his work “The Russian Factory in Past and Present” which he defended as his doctoral thesis in the same year at Moscow University. In 1899, because of his political unreliability he was suspended from teaching. In 1901-1905 Mykhailo Tugan-Baranovsky lived in Poltava region and participated in public life, particularly in Poltava district council. In 1905 he returned to teaching activities and worked at St. Petersburg University, at St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute, the People's University of Shaniavsky in Moscow.
In autumn 1917 M. Tugan-Baranovsky returned to Ukraine. During 1917-1918 he was the General Secretary (Minister) of Finance as a part of the Central Rada, the Head of the Central Cooperative Ukrainian Committee and Ukrainian Scientific Society of Economists. Since the autumn 1918 M. Tugan-Baranovsky was one of the founders of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, establisher and head of its socio-economic department: he drew up socio-economic programme of its activities, for the first time in the Academy system he founded the Institute of Economic Conjuncture, the Institute of Demography, Department of Economics of Ukraine. He initiated the establishment of Cooperative Institute (on the basis of Higher cooperative instructor courses which operated under the Central Cooperative Ukrainian Committee since autumn 1917) and developed its conception.
In 1919 M. Tugan-Baranovsky on the diplomatic delegation of Ukraine (Ukrainian governmental delegation of Ukrainian People's Republic) went to France to the peace conference. He died on January 21, 1919 in the train Kyiv-Odessa (near Odessa) on the way to Paris of a heart attack.
The most famous works are "Outline of contemporary history of political economy and socialism" (1903), "Theoretical fundamentals of Marxism" (1905), "Fundamentals of political economy" (1909), "Periodic industrial crises. History of English crises. General theory of crises"(1914), "Social distribution theory"(1913)," Social fundamentals of cooperation "(1916),"Paper money and metal "(1917),"Socialism as a positive study" (1918).
M. Tugan-Baranovsky’s main works were translated into English, Italian, German, French, Japanese.
Key events in the history of Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade
named after Mykhailo Tugan-Baranovsky
1920 – Ukrainian Cooperative Institute named after Professor M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky was opened in Kyiv.
1921 – Kyiv Cooperative Institute named after Professor M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky joined the Kyiv Institute of National Economy, Cooperative and Food faculty was established on its basis.
1922 – the Cooperative and Food faculty (former Cooperative Institute named after Professor M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky) was separated from the Kiev Institute of National Economy and Kyiv Higher Cooperative College was founded.
1926 – Kyiv Cooperative College was reorganized into Cooperative Institute named after V. Ya. Chubar.
1930 – on the basis of Consumer Cooperation faculty of the Cooperative Institute named after V. Ya. Chubar Kyiv Institute of Consumer Cooperation was established.
The house in Neronovycha Street in Kyiv,
in which since 1923 housed Kyiv Higher Cooperative College was located,
and since 1926 - Kyiv Cooperative Institute named after V. Ya. Chubar
1934 – Kyiv Institute of Consumer Cooperation relocayed to the city of Kharkiv; as a result of its merger with the Kharkiv Institute of Planning and Economics All-Ukrainian Institute of Consumer Cooperation was established.
1936 – Ukrainian Institute of State Trade joined the Ukrainian Institute of Consumer Cooperation; Ukrainian Institute of Soviet Trade was established.
1940 – the name of the Institute was changed: Kharkiv Institute of Soviet Trade.
1959 – students of All-Union Correspondence Institute of Soviet Trade, who lived in the Ukrainian SSR were transferred to Kharkiv Institute of Soviet Trade. Along with student body, branches of All-Union Correspondence Institute of Soviet Trade located in Kyiv, Lviv, Odesa, and also study support centres located in Simferopol, Stalino, Kharkiv, passed to the control of Kharkiv Institute of Soviet Trade.
House at the Tevelieva Square in Kharkiv,
in which since 1936 Ukrainian Institute of Soviet Trade was located
and since 1940 - Kharkiv Institute of Soviet Trade
1959 – Kharkiv Institute of Soviet Trade was relocated to the city of Stalino and renamed The Stalinist Institute of Soviet Trade.
1961 – in connection with the renaming of Stalino into Donetsk the institute was named as Donetsk Institute of Soviet Trade.
1992 – the name was changed: Donetsk Commercial Institute.
1997 – the name was changed: Donetsk State Commercial Institute.
1998 – DSCI received the fourth level of accreditation and the status of University: Donetsk State University of Economics and Trade.
2000 – DonSUET was named (renewed its name) after Mikhail Ivanovich Tugan-Baranovsky: Donetsk State University of Economics and Trade named after M. Tugan-Baranovsky.
2007 – DonSUET received the status of national university: Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after M. Tugan-Baranovsky.
The house in Shchorsa street in Donetsk., in which since 1960 Stalinist Institute of Soviet Trade, Donetsk Institute of Soviet Trade, Donetsk State Commercial Institute, Donetsk State University of Economics and Trade, Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after M. Tugan-Baranovsky were located (main building)
Taking into account the complicated socio-political situation in the east of Ukraine and the continuation of the armed conflict in the city of Donetsk, in order to preserve the life and health of citizens of Ukraine and ensure the constitutional rights of everyone to adequate, safe and healthy working conditions (including training) by the Decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine №1178 of 17 October 2014 "On the organization of the educational process at the Donetsk National University of Economics and trade named after M. Tugan-Baranovsky" since 3 November 2014 to the end of the armed conflict at the territory of the city of Donetsk, the Donetsk National University of Economics and trade named after M. Tugan-Baranovsky carries out its educational activity (in accordance with the existing license for educational activity and certificates of accreditation) in the city of Kryvyi Rih, Dnipropetrovsk region.